【2022托福口說】題目、題型範例、高分模板整理 + 實戰練習

托福口說共有4道題目,包含獨立口說和整合口說。整合口說主要有3種情境:校園對話、大學課堂、和學術演講。這篇幫你總整理高分模板、筆記方法、和準備心得分享。

托福口說測驗

問:托福口說考什麼?答:等同大學程度的英文口說能力,包含從校園對話到課堂講解討論的情境。

新制托福口說測驗,根據ETS®考試中心公布,包含4道題目,第1題為獨立口說(Independent Speaking Task),考生完全依照自己的想法和經驗回答,第2到4題為整合口說(Integrated Speaking Task),考生要結合聽力、閱讀、和口說能力來做整合式回答。

接下來幫大家統整這四題的範例題目、筆記、回答技巧和高分模板,並提供題目音檔讓大家可以直接實戰一回。

5分鐘了解新制托福口說測驗:

托福口說考試內容與架構

托福口說分成四題,包含聽力、閱讀、準備、回答時間共17分鐘。

題目題型情境範例作答流程
第1題獨立口說個人經驗讀題目 + 筆記/準備(15秒) → 口說答題 (45秒)
第2題整合口說校園對話閱讀文章 (約45秒) → 聽力/筆記 (約60-90秒) → 準備 (30秒) → 口說答題 (60秒)
第3題整合口說大學課堂閱讀文章 (約45秒) → 聽力/筆記 (約60-90秒) → 準備 (30秒) → 口說答題 (60秒)
第4題整合口說學術課堂聽力/筆記(約60-120秒) → 準備 (20秒) → 口說答題 (60秒)

四種題型範例、高分模板、回答技巧

接下來整理一個完整托福題組(TPO)、常用口說模板和回答技巧,同學來跟著實戰練習看看!

第1題:獨立口說(三種常見問題)

獨立口說分成三種常見問題:個人想法、個人經驗和假設性問題

1. 個人想法:主要分成兩種。一是給你一個敘述問你同不同意,二是給你兩三個選項要你選擇一個。

例題1 (同不同意)

Explain whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: “Children should not be allowed to play video games.”

回答技巧:

雖然題目是問你同不同意,但你同不同意根本不重要(沒有正確答案,但切記一定要選一邊站)。重點是回答是要解釋為什麼你選這個選項,有什麼佐證的例子或是背後邏輯是什麼。

高分模板:

開頭可以說(記得開門見山,不要繞很久沒重點):

  • I believe that…
  • I would say…
  • It is my opinion that…

列舉例證可以說:

  • First of all,… / Second,… / Lastly,…
  • What’s more,…
  • More importantly,…
  • Furthermore,…
  • The fact that…

解釋原因可以說:

  • The reason I say that is that…
  • That’s because…

例題2 (做選擇):

The university decides to remodel the dormitory and add a new space to it. Which space do you recommend to add to your dormitory? (1) Café (2) Study room (3) Game room.

回答技巧:

跟前一種類別一樣,選擇沒有對錯之分,能敘述清楚的就是好選擇。

高分模板:

做選擇可以說:

  • Personally, I prefer (having a study room)
  • I’d rather (have a Café)
  • If you ask me, (a Game room) would be better because…

兩項比較可以說:

  • As for…,
  • (A Game room) could be (fun). However…

總結論點可以說:

  • Therefore, I prefer…
  • So basically,…
  • Essentially,…
  • For these reasons,…

2. 個人經驗:問你生活經驗。

例題:

Talk about one way your personality has changed since you were a child. Use examples and details to explain your answer.

回答技巧:

雖然題目是要你回答個人經驗,但重點不是你的經驗多有趣,而是你的回答架構是否清楚、完整、有邏輯,所以內容是編的也沒關係,重點是口說要流暢清晰。

如果發現常常不知道要說什麼,平常可以自己練習想一些問題要求自己快速思考答案。例如,可以給自己10秒想想看自己生命中最重要的人是誰,為什麼?

高分模板:

說明經驗可以說:

  • I remember…
  • In my experience… (According to my experience 是錯的喔)
  • I have felt…

表達比較可以說:

  • …; however, …
  • In contrast…
  • …, as opposed to…

舉例可以說:

  • For example,…
  • Take…for example, …
  • Say… (這邊的say不是當作說的意思,而是表示假設性舉例)

3. 假設性問題:題目會設計一個假設情境,問你會做什麼或有什麼反應。

例題:

If you had a huge amount of money, how would you spend it? Why?

回答技巧:

清楚架構直接給他開門見山、2-3個原因、最後總結決定

高分模板:

假設語氣可以說:

  • If I 過去簡單式, I would… (不太可能發生的假想情境)
  • Had I (a huge amount of money), I would… (倒裝高級用法)

總結決定可以說:

  • These are my reasons for…
  • That’s why I would…

第2題:整合口說(校園對話)

例題:

1. 先閱讀(45秒)

Letter in the Centerville College News

The administration has plans to acquire a new sculpture for campus. We should all oppose this plan. The university’s poor financial condition led it to increase the price for campus housing and tuition by 15% this past year. Surely then it is no financial position to purchase such an expensive sculpture. Moreover, just look at the sculpture: several 60- foot ling steel plates, jutting out of the earth at odd angles! It’s so large, it’ll take up all the green space in front of the campus center! This is public space that should be reserved for students to use.

2. 再聽音檔(約60-90秒) 逐字稿:

Now listen to two students discussing the opinion expressed in the letter.

Man: Did you see Paul’s letter in the paper about the new sculpture?

Woman: Yeah, but it was totally unconvincing. His reasons for opposing the plan are just totally off. I am glad that we’ll finally have some nice art on campus. I’d like to shake the donor’s hand and say “thank you.”

Man: What do you mean the donor?

Woman: You didn’t know? An anonymous donor is paying the bill for most of the sculpture.

Man: Not the university?

Woman: No! His assumptions about who’s paying are all wrong!

Man: Still, I wonder if he has a point about the space it’ll take up?

Woman: Well, you know why Paul is upset. He and his friends are always out there on the lawn right where the sculpture will be, kicking around the soccer ball. Now they’ll just have to use another part of the campus to play.

Man: Oh! So he just doesn’t want to have to move.

Woman: Yeah! For him, it’s sculpture versus convenience.

3. 再回答問題(60秒)

Explain why the woman disagrees with the reasons expressed in the letter.

回答技巧:

答題時要同時做筆記寫下關鍵字,並且用準備的30秒編號想要在接下來60秒講到的論點以確保回答的邏輯清晰好懂。

高分模板:

點出來源可以說:

  • According to (the woman)…
  • (The woman) says that…
  • In the (letter), we saw that…
  • As the (woman) says

闡明所述的話可以說:

  • What I mean to say is that…
  • To put it differently,…
  • That is…

第3題:整合口說(大學課堂)

例題:

1. 先閱讀(45秒)

Groupthink

One process by which groups may make bad or irrational decisions is known as groupthink. Individual members of a group attempt to conform their opinions to what they believe to be the group consensus even though the result may be negative. There are many reasons why groupthink happens. These include the desire to be liked, fear of losing a job, or even not wanting to be the one employee delaying a decision that seems inevitable. These kinds of implicit pressures to conform lead group members to ultimately make decisions that each, by himself or herself, might normally not make.

2. 先聽音檔(約60-90秒) 逐字稿:

Now listen to part of a lecture on this topic in a business management class.

Male Professor: So, let me tell you about my own experiences when I was working for a computer company a couple of years ago. So one day a co-worker and I suggested we should give our computers a design make-over: make them look more up-to-date. Market research was showing that new customers said they would be more interested in buying our computers if they looked cooler. Our technology was advanced but the outside design looked really old-fashioned. At first, more than half the group supported us. There were a few senior managers there who didn’t support the design change. One of the senior manager said, ”Our focus has always been on technology, changing the look is an unnecessary cost.” Almost immediately, some of our supporters changed their minds! Even my co-worker changed his mind! When I asked him why after the meeting, he told me he didn’t want to make a bad impression on the senior managers. He thought that disagreeing with them might jeopardize his chances of getting a promotion by not looking like a team-player. What about me? I hate to admit it, but, after a few hours of discussion, I started wondering if it was worth everyone’s time to argue about this? As more people sided with the senior management, I started to feel that I was the only one holding up the vote. Everyone else seemed to think change wasn’t necessary. I voted against my own idea in the end. So we unanimously decided to stay with the current old-looking design. But this decision ended up costing us a lot of money. That same year, our competitor came out with a new design that attracted some of our customers and prevented us from profiting from new customers.

3. 再回答問題(60秒)

Explain groupthink and its effects. Using the example of the computer company.

回答技巧:

看完文章的時候就要在心中預測聽力可能會講到什麼,同時聽力時一定要筆記列點。聽到範例要特別注意因為常常回答時會要求你引用聽力中的舉例。

高分模板:

統整時可以說:

  • (The professor) introduces the concept of…
  • (The professor) gives an overview of…
  • In the (passage), we get an general definition of…

引用例子時可以說:

  • (The professor) explains the concept of (groupthink) with the example of…
  • (The professor) illustrates the idea of (groupthink) by describing…
  • (He) elaborates with a specific example, which is…

第4題:整合口說(學術課堂)

例題

1. 先聽音檔(約60-120秒)

Listen to part of a lecture in a biology class. Female Professor: Many animals live underground, in the soil. Not just little animals like worms but also bigger animals like mammals. Living underground has its advantages. It protects animals from above ground predators. However, the underground environment also presents challenges. And animals that live underground have developed physical adaptations to deal with them. One challenge is, well, simply how to move underground through the dirt. Another challenge for the animal is to protect vulnerable parts of its body from the environment that it’s moving through.Now, moving through soil is not like moving through air or water, because soil, earth, is thick and dense, so animals that live underground have evolved physical features that help them move through dirt efficiently. For example, the mole, a small, furry mammal, has really wide, super strong front feet with big claws. The mole’s feet act like, uh, like shuffles, so it can dig through dirt. The claws cut into the dirt, loosen it up, and once the dirt is loosened up, the broad feet throw the dirt behind the mole as it moves forward. These shuffle-like front feet allow a mole to dig its way through the dirt astonishingly quickly. But even for an animal that can move efficiently through the dirt, living underground can still be problematic, because it’s easy for particles to get caught in sensitive parts of the animal’s body, like for mammals, in their eyes, so underground animals have developed adaptations to prevent this. Again, let’s take the example of the mole. To begin with, moles have tiny eyes and these eyes are covered with a thin skin, a protective membrane that’s actually got hair on it. These hairs protect the mole’s eyes from dirt particles. So as the mole goes digging through the dirt with its head push forward, the dirt particles come into contact with the hairy membrane covering the mole’s tiny eyes. And the particles just slide by. Don’t get caught in the mole’s eyes. So the eyes, the mole’s sensitive parts, are protected.

2. 再回答問題(60秒)

Using the example of the mole, explain two different types of underground adaptation.

答題技巧:

這篇沒有閱讀而且聽力也比較長,一定要練習專注力才不會聽到一半就換算。同樣的,一定要列點筆記筆記筆記,很重要所以說三遍。

高分模板:

統整開頭可以說:

  • At the beginning of the lecture,…
  • (The professor) introduces (two types of…)
  • (She) gives a brief explanation of…

托福考試準備資源分享

  1. ETS®官方考試中心 :考試中心包含模擬測驗、考試架構、報名資訊
  2. 考滿分托福單字 :102個最完整的單字表,分為核心字彙、聽力字彙和學科字彙
  3. Magoosh海外權威托福 :托福測驗準備計畫模板範例、口說、寫作模板、教科書分析等

結語

托福口說考試除了了解題目,看完範例,有了模板以後,最重要的就是要練習並不斷修正。如果找不太到自己的盲點的話,AmazingTalker提供來自全世界的專業托福師資,隨時隨地預約上課!看看師資

關於 AmazingTalker

關於 AmazingTalker

AmazingTalker 是台港最大的線上家教媒合平台,上千名優質師資提供語言、學科、音樂等多種課程,透過透明的資訊與大數據排列與媒合,讓最適合彼此的師生可以最短時間聚在一起,學習並互相交流不同的文化。

去逛逛

為您推薦Top10台灣優質家教!

你可能感興趣的相關文章:

其他文章: