新制托福口說測驗，根據ETS®考試中心公布，包含4道題目，第1題為獨立口說(Independent Speaking Task)，考生完全依照自己的想法和經驗回答，第2到4題為整合口說(Integrated Speaking Task)，考生要結合聽力、閱讀、和口說能力來做整合式回答。
|第1題||獨立口說||個人經驗||讀題目 + 筆記/準備(15秒) → 口說答題 (45秒)|
|第2題||整合口說||校園對話||閱讀文章 (約45秒) → 聽力/筆記 (約60-90秒) → 準備 (30秒) → 口說答題 (60秒)|
|第3題||整合口說||大學課堂||閱讀文章 (約45秒) → 聽力/筆記 (約60-90秒) → 準備 (30秒) → 口說答題 (60秒)|
|第4題||整合口說||學術課堂||聽力/筆記(約60-120秒) → 準備 (20秒) → 口說答題 (60秒)|
Explain whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: “Children should not be allowed to play video games.”
- I believe that…
- I would say…
- It is my opinion that…
- First of all,… / Second,… / Lastly,…
- What’s more,…
- More importantly,…
- The fact that…
- The reason I say that is that…
- That’s because…
The university decides to remodel the dormitory and add a new space to it. Which space do you recommend to add to your dormitory? (1) Café (2) Study room (3) Game room.
- Personally, I prefer (having a study room)
- I’d rather (have a Café)
- If you ask me, (a Game room) would be better because…
- As for…,
- (A Game room) could be (fun). However…
- Therefore, I prefer…
- So basically,…
- For these reasons,…
Talk about one way your personality has changed since you were a child. Use examples and details to explain your answer.
- I remember…
- In my experience… (According to my experience 是錯的喔)
- I have felt…
- …; however, …
- In contrast…
- …, as opposed to…
- For example,…
- Take…for example, …
- Say… (這邊的say不是當作說的意思，而是表示假設性舉例)
If you had a huge amount of money, how would you spend it? Why?
- If I 過去簡單式, I would… (不太可能發生的假想情境)
- Had I (a huge amount of money), I would… (倒裝高級用法)
- These are my reasons for…
- That’s why I would…
Letter in the Centerville College News
The administration has plans to acquire a new sculpture for campus. We should all oppose this plan. The university’s poor financial condition led it to increase the price for campus housing and tuition by 15% this past year. Surely then it is no financial position to purchase such an expensive sculpture. Moreover, just look at the sculpture: several 60- foot ling steel plates, jutting out of the earth at odd angles! It’s so large, it’ll take up all the green space in front of the campus center! This is public space that should be reserved for students to use.
2. 再聽音檔(約60-90秒) 逐字稿：
Now listen to two students discussing the opinion expressed in the letter.
Man: Did you see Paul’s letter in the paper about the new sculpture?
Woman: Yeah, but it was totally unconvincing. His reasons for opposing the plan are just totally off. I am glad that we’ll finally have some nice art on campus. I’d like to shake the donor’s hand and say “thank you.”
Man: What do you mean the donor?
Woman: You didn’t know? An anonymous donor is paying the bill for most of the sculpture.
Man: Not the university?
Woman: No! His assumptions about who’s paying are all wrong!
Man: Still, I wonder if he has a point about the space it’ll take up?
Woman: Well, you know why Paul is upset. He and his friends are always out there on the lawn right where the sculpture will be, kicking around the soccer ball. Now they’ll just have to use another part of the campus to play.
Man: Oh! So he just doesn’t want to have to move.
Woman: Yeah! For him, it’s sculpture versus convenience.
Explain why the woman disagrees with the reasons expressed in the letter.
- According to (the woman)…
- (The woman) says that…
- In the (letter), we saw that…
- As the (woman) says
- What I mean to say is that…
- To put it differently,…
- That is…
One process by which groups may make bad or irrational decisions is known as groupthink. Individual members of a group attempt to conform their opinions to what they believe to be the group consensus even though the result may be negative. There are many reasons why groupthink happens. These include the desire to be liked, fear of losing a job, or even not wanting to be the one employee delaying a decision that seems inevitable. These kinds of implicit pressures to conform lead group members to ultimately make decisions that each, by himself or herself, might normally not make.
2. 先聽音檔(約60-90秒) 逐字稿：
Now listen to part of a lecture on this topic in a business management class.
Male Professor: So, let me tell you about my own experiences when I was working for a computer company a couple of years ago. So one day a co-worker and I suggested we should give our computers a design make-over: make them look more up-to-date. Market research was showing that new customers said they would be more interested in buying our computers if they looked cooler. Our technology was advanced but the outside design looked really old-fashioned. At first, more than half the group supported us. There were a few senior managers there who didn’t support the design change. One of the senior manager said, ”Our focus has always been on technology, changing the look is an unnecessary cost.” Almost immediately, some of our supporters changed their minds! Even my co-worker changed his mind! When I asked him why after the meeting, he told me he didn’t want to make a bad impression on the senior managers. He thought that disagreeing with them might jeopardize his chances of getting a promotion by not looking like a team-player. What about me? I hate to admit it, but, after a few hours of discussion, I started wondering if it was worth everyone’s time to argue about this? As more people sided with the senior management, I started to feel that I was the only one holding up the vote. Everyone else seemed to think change wasn’t necessary. I voted against my own idea in the end. So we unanimously decided to stay with the current old-looking design. But this decision ended up costing us a lot of money. That same year, our competitor came out with a new design that attracted some of our customers and prevented us from profiting from new customers.
Explain groupthink and its effects. Using the example of the computer company.
- (The professor) introduces the concept of…
- (The professor) gives an overview of…
- In the (passage), we get an general definition of…
- (The professor) explains the concept of (groupthink) with the example of…
- (The professor) illustrates the idea of (groupthink) by describing…
- (He) elaborates with a specific example, which is…
Listen to part of a lecture in a biology class. Female Professor: Many animals live underground, in the soil. Not just little animals like worms but also bigger animals like mammals. Living underground has its advantages. It protects animals from above ground predators. However, the underground environment also presents challenges. And animals that live underground have developed physical adaptations to deal with them. One challenge is, well, simply how to move underground through the dirt. Another challenge for the animal is to protect vulnerable parts of its body from the environment that it’s moving through.Now, moving through soil is not like moving through air or water, because soil, earth, is thick and dense, so animals that live underground have evolved physical features that help them move through dirt efficiently. For example, the mole, a small, furry mammal, has really wide, super strong front feet with big claws. The mole’s feet act like, uh, like shuffles, so it can dig through dirt. The claws cut into the dirt, loosen it up, and once the dirt is loosened up, the broad feet throw the dirt behind the mole as it moves forward. These shuffle-like front feet allow a mole to dig its way through the dirt astonishingly quickly. But even for an animal that can move efficiently through the dirt, living underground can still be problematic, because it’s easy for particles to get caught in sensitive parts of the animal’s body, like for mammals, in their eyes, so underground animals have developed adaptations to prevent this. Again, let’s take the example of the mole. To begin with, moles have tiny eyes and these eyes are covered with a thin skin, a protective membrane that’s actually got hair on it. These hairs protect the mole’s eyes from dirt particles. So as the mole goes digging through the dirt with its head push forward, the dirt particles come into contact with the hairy membrane covering the mole’s tiny eyes. And the particles just slide by. Don’t get caught in the mole’s eyes. So the eyes, the mole’s sensitive parts, are protected.
Using the example of the mole, explain two different types of underground adaptation.
- At the beginning of the lecture,…
- (The professor) introduces (two types of…)
- (She) gives a brief explanation of…
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